With LVM we can manage our partition of a easy and flexible way. For this guide I’ll use three disk of 340 GB, 90 GB and 160 GB. With this basic guide We’ll create a simple group, add or remove partitions from a group and extend or reduce the size of a LVM device.

 

  • Install LVM support package:
# apt-get install lvm2

Create a simple LVM disk 

1.- Partition the disk with fdisk with the type of partition LVM (8e) :

Image

2.- Initialize the partitions with pvcreate:

# pvcreate /dev/sdb1
Physical volume "/dev/sdb1" successfully created
# pvcreate /dev/sdc1
Physical volume "/dev/sdc1" successfully created
# pvcreate /dev/sdd1
Physical volume "/dev/sdd1" successfully created

3.- Create an LVM group containing the partitions:

# vgcreate mygrp /dev/sdb1 /dev/sdd1
Volume group "mygrp" successfully created

4.- Use the command vgdisplay to see our LVM groups configured in our system:

Image

5.- Create the LVM device:

# lvcreate -L 350G -n disk1 mygrp
Logical volume "disk1" created

6.- Use the command line lvdisplay to see our disk:

Image

7.- Create the filesystem in our logical volume device:

# mkfs.xfs /dev/mygrp/disk1
# mount -t xfs /dev/mygrp/disk1 /mnt/disk1/

Add a new disk to our Volume group

1.- Extend our Volume group adding the new partition:

# vgextend mygrp /dev/sdc1
Volume group "mygrp" successfully extended

2.- Execute vgdisplay to see the new changes:

Image

Extend the size of a LVM

1.- Extend the volume size:

# lvextend -L +10G /dev/mygrp/disk1
Extending logical volume disk1 to 360.00 GiB
Logical volume disk1 successfully resized

2.- Apply the extension to the xfs filesystem:

# xfs_growfs /dev/mygrp/disk1
meta-data=/dev/mapper/mygrp-disk1 isize=256 agcount=4,                      agsize=22937600 blks
= sectsz=512 attr=2
data = bsize=4096 blocks=91750400, imaxpct=25
= sunit=0 swidth=0 blks
naming =version 2 bsize=4096 ascii-ci=0
log =internal bsize=4096 blocks=44800, version=2
= sectsz=512 sunit=0 blks, lazy-count=1
realtime =none extsz=4096 blocks=0, rtextents=0
data blocks changed from 91750400 to 94371840

3.- Test the changes:

Image

Reduce the size of a LVM

1.- reducing the size:

# lvreduce -L -190G /dev/mygrp/disk1
WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to 130.00 GiB
THIS MAY DESTROY YOUR DATA (filesystem etc.)
Do you really want to reduce disk1? [y/n]: y
Reducing logical volume disk1 to 130.00 GiB
Logical volume disk1 successfully resized

**Note with xfs filesystem It’s not posible shrink the filesystem, you have to back up your files before the resize and format the volume. With ext2/3 the utility resize2fs or resize4fs for ext4, also with reiserfs you can use resize_reiserfs.

2.- Format the partition and see the changes:

# mkfs.xfs -f /dev/mygrp/disk1

Image

Hot remove disk from a volume group 

I’ll remove the disk 1 (/dev/sdb1) from the volume group mygrp. Firs we have to move the content of /dev/sdb1 to another partition equal or greater than the size of this partition. For this I’ll add another partition of 400GB to the volume group mygrp:

Image

Image

1.- First we have to move the content of /dev/sdb1 to the new partition /dev/sde1:

# pvmove /dev/sdb1 /dev/sde1
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 9.6%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 17.2%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 24.8%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 33.5%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 40.1%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 54.2%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 68.3%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 75.9%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 81.3%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 93.3%
/dev/sdb1: Moved: 100.0%

2.- Remove /dev/sdb1 from the volume group:

# vgreduce mygrp /dev/sdb1
Removed "/dev/sdb1" from volume group "mygrp"

3.- Now we can remove the device:

# pvremove /dev/sdb1
Labels on physical volume "/dev/sdb1" successfully wiped

4.- see the changes:

Image

Basic guide to manage LVM
Tagged on:                 

Leave a Reply

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox

Join other followers: